The brain is located inside the cranium. The cranium is a set of bones which makes up the skull, and protects and holds the brain.
Brain surgery may be needed to treat:
The hair on part of the scalp is shaved. An incision is made through the scalp and a hole is drilled through the skull. A piece of the skull may be removed while the brain is being operated on. If removed, the piece of skull will be replaced. The surgery in which the brain is accessed through the skull is called "craniotomy".
The results depend on the source, severity, and location of the problem.
Reviewed By: Harvey Simon, MD, Editor-in-Chief, Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital.